Monday, May 25, 2020

A Reason Of The Native American Extinction - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 3 Words: 797 Downloads: 9 Date added: 2019/04/15 Category History Essay Level High school Tags: Christopher Columbus Essay Did you like this example? Christopher Columbus background Christopher Columbus was a wool merchant, was born in Genoa, Italy who was born around 1451. When he was a teenager he got a job on a merchant ship. He remained at seeing until 1470 when French privateers attacked his ship as it sailed north along the Portuguese coast. The boat sank and Christopher Columbus floated on a piece of wood. He then ended up in Lisbon, where he studied mathematics, astronomy, cartography, and navigation. In the back of his mind was a storm brewing that would change the world forever. Christopher sailed to Northern America in 1842. When he arrived he was met by American Indians. Spanish and Portuguese explorers were in the south so English explorers focused on North America. A new world Christopher Columbus first sailed to the Americans in 1742 in hopes of reaching India to trade with them. He was intrigued by the hopes of reaching the rich lands of India by not traveling around the whole continent but by going across the globe. He had trouble convincing royalties to accept his ideas. His idea was finally granted when he was in Spain and asked the Royals. Spain wanted to get ahead in the race to India because of the tall tales about their wealth. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "A Reason Of The Native American Extinction" essay for you Create order First Colony La Navidad was the first European encampment established when one of Christopher Columbuss ships hit a coral reef and sunk. Christopher Columbus left 39 men. He packeted with the local shift to let the men stay there until he returned. Colobus entrusted his cousin Diego de Arana with running the settlement. The goal was to collect gold and wait for colobus to return. When Christopher Columbus and his new fleet returned the encampment was found burned and all men were killed. The personal belongings were found in local tribes homes. The chief said other tribes buried it. To the contrary, the chiefs mans brother said La Navidad went in search of women and mistreated them to there personal gains. Later evidence proved the people of La Navidad fought between themselves talking as much gold and women as they could. The camp was set alight after the tribes retaliated. La Navidad was believed to be located in Haiti. Columbus brought back many things from his first trip. He had to bring back items to prove that the Americas were worth exploring and by exaggerating the richness he would become more famous. One important thing Christopher Columbus brought back was twelve kidnapped Native Americans, two escaped. Christopher also brought back small amounts of gold, native birds, and plants to show the richness of the land. Later the people of Ontario(where La Navidad was)were extinct from enslavement and disease. Columbuss second voyage was in 1493 with a fleet of 17 ships and twelve hundred men and supplies to permanently establish colonies. The logistics of the second voyage where huge because they had to bring cattle, sheep, and horses. On board were priests, farmers, and soldiers. One of Christopher Columbuss goals on his second journey was to convert the nativist Christians. He stopped and explored many islands, Christopher captured and kidnapped many women. He brought back thirty Native American slaves and their chief who died on board. Colobus was having governing issues, he was mentally and physically exhausted. He has arthritis and his eyes had ophthalmia. He sent two ships to Spain asking the royal commissioner to help him give the colonies. The royal government handed all the power over to Francisco de Bobadilla. When numerous complaints from returning settelers because of mismanagement Columbus and his brothers were put in jail. Disease The main diseases that impacted the Native American people were Smallpox, Plague, Chicken Pox, Cholera, The Common Cold, Diphtheria, Influenza, and Malaria. Diseases is a huge reason why some Native American tribes died out.Native Americans had not been exposed to these illnesses there immune system was weak and sick people were not quarantined do diseases spread quickly. Some researchers believed since Native Americans did not domesticate animals they were not exposed to some of the sicknesses. Some native American tribes though because they were not Christian they were being punished. This belief came up because the Europeans were not getting sick. Native Americans had this belief that if they took a sweat bath. Trading Lasting effects Christopher Columbus was an influential person in shaping history. He did not discover America but he was the person who started decades more of exploration. Without Christopher Columbus, the world would have been a very different place. Native Americans might be the leading race in the Americas or disease later wiped out more of the Native Americans. Besides the controversial things Christopher Columbus did, he brought extinction to many groups of people. He opened the gate for many great explorations to America.

Thursday, May 14, 2020

The Delicate Balance Between Innocence And Experience

The Delicate Balance between Innocence and Experience William Blake’s â€Å"The Chimney Sweeper† in his Songs of Innocence is a literary masterpiece that is still relevant and impactful in the modern world. In lovely form and description, Blake explains the atrocities and hardships of the Industrial Age in a poem suitable for school-age children and with the beautiful simplicity that only a writer like Blake could produce. The Songs of Innocence is a look into the purity and wonderful outlook on life that children usually have. While in its counterpart, the Songs of Experience, Blake uses adults as protagonist. The Songs of Experience is a look at the effects that hardships and failures have on adults, therefore having a pessimistic outlook toward life. In his these two works, Blake produces a parallel universe between childhood and adulthood where the optimism of dreams of childhood and the bitterness and stagnation of adulthood never seem to know one another. The nar rator in â€Å"The Chimney Sweeper† is a young school-age boy, who never tells the reader his name, which speaks of the selflessness of child. In the first stanza, the boy tells his brief life story and about his mother’s death that leads to his father selling him into slavery. In the rest of the poem, the boy tells the reader about the brutal conditions of slavery that he and his peers must endure. Specifically, the boy tells the readers about Tom Dacre, a boy who is struggling with the misery of working endlessShow MoreRelatedThe Stolen Party1168 Words   |  5 PagesStolen Party† Innocence is a precious gift that we all have at some point. In Liliana Heker’s ‘The Stolen Party’, Rosaura experiences a loss of innocence after attending her friend Luciana’s birthday party. Before the party, Rosaura is unaware of her social standing and she believes has been invited as a friend. Her innocent attitude is amplified while at the party when she demonstrates a sense of superiority towards the other guests. By the end of the party, however, her innocence is shattered whenRead MoreAnalysis Of The Poem The Daughter Of The Dancers 1522 Words   |  7 PagesThe Virtue Of Innocence Innocence is a glorified trait in nearly any culture around the world. Many strive to keep the innocence they are born with, and plenty others spend a lifetime attempting to regain the innocence they have lost with age. In the following photos, innocence is a common theme, which each photographer approaches in a unique way. There is a dull and unsettling truth behind the innocent demonstration of young ladies acting much more mature than their age. Manuel Alvarez Bravo isRead More Analysis of The Lamb and The Tyger by William Blake Essay1641 Words   |  7 Pageswhether it was morally right. He did so by using varying techniques that set up clashes between ideologies and reality. 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Although Golding’s story is confined toRead MoreEssay on A Two-Class Society Exposed in The Stolen Party1289 Words   |  6 Pagesher. Here we see that Rosaura’s mother is trying to make her daughter aware of the difference between Luciana’s family and her own family. We can presume that her mother has had an incident like this before in her life and wants to prepare her daughter for disappointment. Brandon Spontak states that Rosaura’s mother is not very educated . . . but has an instinct which only comes from years of experience that she uses to detect problems in life (89). As Rosaura’s mother tries to explain that LucianaRead MoreA Comparative Study on the Theme of East-West Encounter in Kamala Markandaya’s Possession and Anita Desai’s Bye-Bye Blackbird1589 Words   |  7 Pagesdrawbacks and the qualities of both the East and the West. She has tried to present the East in serious conflict with the West. But she plays the role of a neutral observer in her novels. In her novel possession, she presents the perpetual conflict between the Indian spiritualism and the western materialism. Caroline, a young British widow, comes to visit India. She meets a fourteen year old boy, valmiki. He is a painter in a south Indian village. He is poor and he paints on the rocky walls of the cavesRead More The Importance of Symbolism in The Glass Menagerie Essay1609 Words   |  7 Pagescoat on properly, he becomes frustrated with his clumsiness and flings it across the room, breaking some of the glass collection. Laura â€Å"cries out as if wounded† (42). This shows how fragile Laura really is and how she reacts when even the small balance of her apartment is shifted. Immediately Tom reenters the room in an attempt to comfort her. This incident brings to light Tom’s predicament of the impact of his leaving, which is that â€Å"Tom cannot escape until he finds the way to leave without shatteringRead MoreThe Role Of Women During The Enlightenment And Transcendental Period1637 Words   |  7 Pageswhile Fuller expressed the roles of women in a very almost excited, positive way. The roles portrayed for the women in each era differ greatly, from how they should behave to if they should even be allowed to be educated, really the only similarity between these two works is the fact that both women wrote them to help the young women in their society figure out where they fit in and how they should behave. Rowson was a writer during the Enlightenment period, a movement that eventually led to the RevolutionaryRead MoreThe Poisonwood Bible2189 Words   |  9 Pages333). Since the reader progressed though Leah’s bildungsroman they realize Nathaniels inability to adapt created an individual worthy of a monstrous title. Another strong candidate in the reader’s mind is Ruth May, she is innocent. Crediting her innocence she puts things in terms of a five year old â€Å"Father says a girl can’t go to college because they’ll pour water in your shoes† (Kingsolver 117). Her character pulls on reader’s heartstrings, and at times when things go against her â€Å"I was a waste ofRead MoreArt Museum And Its Effects On Sexual History2572 Words   |  11 Pagesclear, and that is that our perceptions are so diverse. If diversity exists within us then isn t that a meaningful explanation for why individuals sexual preferences are so different? Human sexuality is the individual s capacity to have erotic experiences and responses. The individual’s sexual orientation influences their attraction for the other person. Thus, sexuality can also be perceived through one s thoughts, fantasies, desires, attitudes, values, and behaviors. Human sexuality in itself struck

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Irony Of Differing Perspectives - 1749 Words

The Irony of Differing Perspectives Till 1827, the idea of sobriety was practically non-existent in North-America . Taverns were open at all times of day and were a place of encounter for everyone – regardless of class, race and gender. Moreover, they facilitated ‘political negotiations, economic exchanges and interracial sociability . So, where did the idea of reducing alcohol consumption come from amid the booming socio-economic stability that taverns seemed to provide? Except for Peter DeLottinville who recounts the honest events that occurred in Joe Beef’s Canteen, the other authors claim that the temperance movement was used for ulterior motives than it appeared to be on the surface. For instance, in Glenn J. Lockwood’s Temperance in†¦show more content†¦During the period of time that the temperance movement was gaining momentum, the Catholic church hopped on board to speed up the process and gain as many converts as they could using their up until then secret weapon: Chiniquy. However, the hidden intention/objective was to regain the Catholic church’s popularity and confidence after Catholics were becoming outnumbered by the influx of Irish famine immigrants and wanted to become ‘more industrious and progressive’ (cite). Unlike all of the previously mentioned authors, DeLottinville does not imply that Joe Beef tried his best to alleviate problems of housing, job hunting, healthcare and labor unrest with any kind of hidden agenda. Beef genuinely cared for the welfare of the working class of Montreal and took it upon himself to represent/assume the voice of the casual laborers . In this case, the Middle Class was the one benefiting from the temperance movement as they were afraid Beef would succeed and have laborers demands adhered to. In the same way that Beef’s canteen was a place where ‘every grade in the social scale was represented’ (CHANGE), many other taverns were also used for both political and economic interracial exchanges and relationships. In other words, whereas taverns were used as tools to strengthen a sense of belonging and security, and often attempted to prove the worthiness of the lower classes, temperance was

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

The Achievements of Peaceful Protest During the Civil Rights Movement free essay sample

The Achievements of Peaceful Protests By 1968, full racial equality had not been achieved. Nonetheless, significant progress had been made in terms of: †¢ Education †¢ Transport †¢ Desegregation of public places †¢ Voting rights †¢ Employment †¢ Public Opinion Education †¢ The 1954 Brown case – established that a segregated education could never be an equal one. †¢ Although there were other legal victories which attempted to speed up integration, progress towards desegregation was slow. In 1957, 3 years after the Brown case which ruled that segregation was illegal in all schools, 97% of black students remained in segregated schools. †¢ Although the Civil Rights Act of 1964 gave the government power to force integration of education, by 1968 58% of black students remained in segregated schools. President Johnsons Higher Education Act of 1965 increased the number of black students attending college/uni during the late 1960s and 1970s Important points to remember: The Brown Case (1954) Civil Rights Act (1964) Higher Education Act (1968) Transport Interstate Transport An NAACP court case in 1946 successfully established that segregation was illegal on interstate transport †¢ CORE’s 1961 Freedom Rides – were necessary for a de facto change †¢ September 1961 – signs enforcing segregation were removed from interstate buses/bus terminals State Transport †¢ SCLC’s Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955-1956) led to desegregation of buses in Montgomery and the NAACP’s legal case les to the establishment that segregation on buses was illegal (de jure) †¢ De facto change in the South was slow. We will write a custom essay sample on The Achievements of Peaceful Protest During the Civil Rights Movement or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Civil Rights Act (1964) was necessary to give the government power to enforce de facto change. Public Places Sit-ins which began in Greensboro in 1960 = effective †¢ But some authorities took measures to avoid desegregation e. g. closed public parks †¢ Birmingham Campaign (1963) – protestors did not achieve full desegregation †¢ Civil Rights Act (1964) – forced cities to desegregate †¢ 1965 – 214 southern cities had desegregated Voting Rights †¢ Eisenhower’s Civil Rights Acts of 1957 and 1960 were ineffective in guaranteeing black voting rights. †¢ 1963 – only 800 000 out of 20 million blacks could vote †¢ 1964 – Mississippi Freedom Summer †¢ 1965 – Selma Campaign. Voting Rights Act of 1965 = effective in the North 1965 – 6 million blacks were registered to vote †¢ Voter registration led to an increase in the number of blacks elected to governmental positions in the North Employment and Income †¢ During 1950s, black unemployment was approximately twice the national average †¢ Improvement during 1960s but full equality was not achieved †¢ Civil Rights Act (1964) – outlawed racial discrimination in employment †¢ Moynihan Report (1965) – highlighted that equality had still not been achieved †¢ 1968 – the average income of black workers had risen but it was still only 61% of the income of white workers Housing †¢ American Census (1960) – reported that 46% of blacks were living in ‘unsound’ accommodation †¢ Black campaigners put pressure on politicians to solve the problem of ghettos †¢ 1967 – 22 states had some form of fair housing law †¢ Fair Housing Act (1968) – prohibited discrimination in America’s housing market – fairly ineffective as maximum fine was 1000 dollars Public Support for Civil Rights Civil Rights campaigns of the early 1960s were highly effective in winning public support †¢ 1964 – 80% of the public supported the desegregation of education, employment and voting. But people still did not want to LIVE near black people – only half the public supported equal rights in housing Conclusion The Civil Rights movement transformed America. By 1968, segregation, where it still remained was no longer backed by the law. The federal government had new laws to challenge racial injustice. But there was still a long way to go before all Americans would be considered ‘equal’.

Tuesday, April 7, 2020

What were the consequences of Mohammad an Example by

What were the consequences of Mohammad not leaving an heir? Mohammad served as the source of religious, political and social authority prior to his death. His authority is widely accepted and recognized across the vast Muslim community. His death and the circumstances of his death had radical implications on Islam. His death marked the end of prophetic revelations (Dodge, 2003). By not designating an heir or specifying a system of selecting his successor, differences in perspectives over the rightful successor and the process of succession divided Muslims into Sunni and Shia. Need essay sample on "What were the consequences of Mohammad not leaving an heir?" topic? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you Proceed Our Customers Usually Tell EssayLab professionals: How much do I have to pay someone to write my paper today? Essay writer professionals suggest: Winning Academic Essay Writing Delivered On Time Essay Writing Services Best Essay Writing Service Pay Someone To Write Paper Good Essay Writing Company Succession in the Muslim culture happens according to shura or the idea of consultation and representative selection (Stearns Oxtoby, 2002). This principle is highly revered because of its inclusion in several passages of the Koran. In practice, consultation and representation at the tribal level takes place through the tribal council in selecting the chief or leader (Dodge, 2003). The members of the tribal council are the selected members of the tribe and usually include representatives from the major and largest families or clans in the community. As such, the decision of the tribal council received acceptance by the community. The leadership of Mohammad is an extraordinary circumstance since recognition of his authority extended even beyond his own clan and community. Upon his death, no person can assume Mohammads authority (Stearns & Langer, 2001). Since there is nobody who can equal his authority, the selection of a kaliph who can continue to unify the Muslim communities was a problem. Apart from the problem of selecting a worthy successor, the selection process displaced the traditional principle of consultative representation through the tribal council. The immediacy of selecting a successor weighed on the people closest to Mohammad before his death that unorthodox methods ensued (Oxtoby, 2002). In addition, selecting a leader for the entire Muslim population is difficult when applying a system that operates at the narrow level of the tribe in Madinah. There are many clans to consider in various parts of the Muslim territory complicating the selection process. Although successors emerged through varied processes of succession, this became the root of armed conflict among Muslim clans and communities and the split between Sunni and Shia Islam. Right after Mohammads death, Abu Bakr, Umar Ibn Al-Khattab, and Uthman Ibn Affan three of Mohammads closest companions met in Madinah to help in selecting a leader (Oxtoby, 2002). The process involved the representatives of major clans in the community. However, no decision emerged because of differences in the views of the clans over the rightful successor, with the clans preferring a person from their own clan (Stearns Dodge, 2003). Through his influence, others acquiesced to the appointment to create a majority. Abu Bakr became the first kaliph. In opposition, the Hashim clan who make up the relatives of Mohammad firmly believed that the rightful successor should be of the lineage of Mohammad (Dodge, 2003). Their candidate was Ali Ibn Ali Talib, the first cousin of Mohammad and husband of Mohammads daughter Fatima (Oxtoby, 2002). They were a minority so it took a while before Ali assumed leadership. At this point, there was already deep-seated enmity between the followers of Abu Bakr and supporters of Ali. Before Abu Bakr died, he already appointed Umar, one of the three companions, as his successor (Oxtoby, 2002). Alis supporters were unable to elect their candidate. As the second kaliph, his caliphate lasted longer but the protests remained and he could not unite the clans of Madinah. He succeeded in conquering new territories such as Iraq, Iran and Syria (Oxtoby, 2002) but unable to quell the discontent of some groups in Madinah. Umar implemented a different system by appointing a six-member council to select his successor (Oxtoby, 2002). Two candidates emerged Uthman the last of the three companions and Ali. The bickering was intense but in the end, Uthman became the third kaliph possibly because of his wealthy status and reputation as one of Mohammads companions and supporter or Islam (Stearns & Langer, 2001). This is the third rejection of Ali and his supporters are growing more agitated. Uthman faced claims of abuse of his position and favoring his relatives (Oxtoby, 2002). This ended in his assassination. This time, Uthman did not appoint a successor or created a council. In an attempt to ease the civil strife, the male representatives of the clans in Madinah unanimously proclaimed Ali as the fourth kaliph (Oxtoby, 2002). His ascent into leadership established his followers, the Shia. He did not support the request of Uthmans relatives to avenge the death of the third kaliph (Oxtoby, 2002). This delineated the fissure between the majority Muslims supporting Uthman and Alis Shia followers. There was an internal disagreement between Ali and a group of his followers when Ali agreed to arbitrate conflict. This group called the Kharijis defected (Oxtoby, 2002). Throughout the troubles of this caliphate, Alis remaining supporters maintained Mohammads lineage as righteous heir and determined this belief as the Shia distinction. Alis sons Hasan and Husayn became his successors (Dodge, 2003). The Shia became a minority group that focused on religious zeal. This group believed the imam as the religious leader mandated by divine providence so that Alis descendents were the rightful imams (Oxtoby, 2002). This differed from the kaliph, a position that involved religious and secular authority. There were many sects of the Shia, but these centered on the fundamental belief in the Mohammads bloodline as the rightful successors (Stearns Oxtoby, 2002; Dodge, 2003). As a minority group, these attracted impoverished Muslims and non-Arab Muslims as followers (Oxtoby, 2002). These established Shia as distinct from the majority Sunni Muslims. References Dodge, C. H. (2003). The everything understanding Islam book: A complete and easy-to-read guide to Muslim beliefs, practices, traditions, and culture. Avon, MA: Adams Media. Oxtoby, W. G. (2002). World religions: Western traditions (2nd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Stearns, P. N., & Langer, W. L. (2001). The encyclopedia of world history. New York: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Monday, March 9, 2020

fate in homer essays

fate in homer essays Besides the Olympian family of deities, there exists the concept of fate, moira, asia, that which is pepromenon. It is referred to interchangeably as a concept and as personified being(s), or a daimon. This figure, as Dietrich puts it are of a superhuman nature and each continually in the epic poems exerts its influence over the actions, and thoughts, success and failure of the human characters fate, however, is not a condition of action or its cause. It is, by definition only apparent after the fact, unless a god has made it clear, and in hectors last speech to Andromache fatalism is not a view of the future but a way of not thinking about it In a majority of the cases in the Iliad, Moira is concerned with death. I wish to look at it context of its death association but it is also instrumental in determining a mans destiny, such as that of Aineas . J.S Clay sees moira as the over all shape of a mans life and can linguistically be used to denote ones share as of respect. Since death is the invariable lot of men, moira frequently means death, although, there are other such words used such as mori, and oloe, ones fated drstruction. The Iliad being a poem of war, the acquired meaning of death seems most pertinent here as death was the most natural meaning in times of war. On many ancient grave inscriptions found, the word moira is often combined with the word thanatos in the Form of thanatos kai moira Dodds asserts that Moira should be written mot with a capital M if associated with ones personal lot, without understanding why a certain thing happened, only when it is signified as a personal goddess who dictates to Zeus or a cosmic destiny like the Hellenistic Heimarmene. Although the Moirae are three, fate is one; and although each man has his own fate, it is nevertheles...

Friday, February 21, 2020

Knowledge based systems Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words

Knowledge based systems - Assignment Example Having a clear understanding of this technology poses a challenge given the fact that the term has been used to mean different things for different scenarios. An example is the fact that experts systems has been defined by some people as computer programs which make use of knowledge and inferences to solve a problem which could have been regarded as difficult if it was to be solved by human beings; perhaps difficult enough to require significant expertise (Martin, & Hoover, 2008). Yet others have defined as software which is created by bringing together and codifying the knowledge used by one or more experts and also which is also designed to perform a task which could require special expertise under normal circumstances. The last definition, at least for this paper, gives experts systems as programs which have reasoning by use of information which is symbolic in nature and use heuristics approach as opposed to algorithmic approaches; they are flexible at both runtime and design leve l. These definitions give a consensus which is broad in nature but gives us an ample scope for discussion as to the meaning of very key terms A knowledge base is special database that is used primarily for management of knowledge. It thus provides a means for the collection, organization, and retrieval of knowledge in a computerized manner. It also represents a collection of data which have related experiences and their results are related to their problems and solutions. This is a subset of the experts systems.